8:00AM-3:30PM    FRIDAY, APRIL 3     Crystal 3
Symposium on Artificial Muscles and Liquid Crystalline Elastomers
Organizers:  P.E. Cladis, Advanced Liquid Crystal Technologies, Summit, NJ
                       M. Shahinpoor, Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM
SLCE Artificial Muscle
8:00am -10.00am      Novel Applications for Liquid Crystalline Elastomers
 H. R. Brand   
Bayreuth Univ., Bayreuth, GERMANY 
Macroscopic Properties of Liquid Crystalline Elastomers  and their Potential Applications 
E.  Nishikawa   
Freiburg Univ., Freiburg, GERMANY
Novel Properties of Smectic A Elastomers 
M. Mauzac   
Paul Sabatier Univ., Toulouse,  FRANCE
 Novel Optical Properties of Liquid Single Crystalline Elastomers: Contact Lenses 
V. Percec   
Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH
 Constructing Giant Macromolecular Supra Molecular Systems: Using Nature as a Model and Liquid Crystallinity as a Synthetic Tool 
Chair: P. E. Cladis
10:30am -12:30pm      I. Artificial Polymeric Muscles
R. Truman  
Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM
 Flow Control using Polymeric Artificial Muscles 
M. Shahinpoor  
Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM
 Modeling Force Interactions in Ionic Polymeric Metal Composite Artificial Muscles 
D. Segalman and W. Witkowski  
Sandia Natl. Labs., Albuquerque, NM
Numerical Simulation of Swelling and De-swelling of Polyelectrolyte Gels as Artificial Muscles 
 Chairman: M. Shahinpoor
  1:30pm -3:30pm      II. Artificial Polymeric Muscles
Y. B.-Cohen and T. Xue   
CalTech, Pasadena, CA
 Electro-Active Polymer Actuators as Artificial Muscles for Space Applications 
C. Becker   
NRaD, San Diego, CA 
Polymeric Artificial Muscles 
D. Brock     
Artificial Intelligence  
Lab, MIT, Cambridge, MA  
Control of Polymeric Artificial Muscles 
  Chairman: M. Shahinpoor
Program Summary